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2019年人教高考英语一轮练习题:必修2U3含答案精品教育.doc.doc

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2019 年人教高考英语一轮练习题:必修 2U3 含答案 一、阅读理解。
In 2019 my best friend’s mother died of cancer.It was a tragedy,but as usual,Alice,my

mother,used her power of healing and got his family back on their feet.If you asked my friends

about my mother,they would say,“That woman has a heart of gold.”I agree one hundred percent. I think the reason why she is such a wonderful person is that the Holy Spirit lives within
her.She is very holy and has persuaded me to go to church with her every Sunday. About six years ago my mom decided to pursue her lifelong goal of becoming a teacher.She
knew it would be hard work raising three kids,doing housework and studying at the same

time.However,she believed it would pay off.What my mother didn’t realize was that not all things

pay off in this unfair world.After four hard years of school,she graduated on a warm spring day.It was unbelievable.My aunt drove up from Virginia to celebrate this fantastic day.It was the first time I had ever cried about being happy.
It’s strange how fast a life can change.Two months later,the unpredictable happened.My

mother was diagnosed with multiple sclerosis(多发性硬化症).I could not believe this could happen after all the good she had done for people. I was very confused and cried every day.My faith in God just disappeared and so did my mom’s dream of becoming a teacher.
Then,I decided I must move on with my life and accept the fact that she might never get

better.Since my decision,I have become more mature,responsible and active in school and

work.Through the years I have always been able to change negative situations into positive ones.I’ m happy with my life now.
【解题导语】 本文主要讲述了乐观、积极上进的母亲影响作者的故事。

1.Which of the following can best describe Alice?

A.Honest.

B.Helpful.

C.Greedy.

D.Unconcerned.

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B 解析:推理判断题。根据第一段第二句可知,母亲乐于帮助他人,故选 B 项。 2.What else did Alice have to do when studying? A.Drive a car and go to church. B.Teach students and raise kids. C.Do housework and teach at school. D.Look after children and keep house. D 解析:细节理解题。根据第三段第二句可知,母亲在学习的同时还要照顾孩子、做 家务,故选 D。 3.According to the text,the author’s mother . A.recovered from illness B.no longer had faith in God C.didn’t realize her dream as a teacher D.changed negative situations into positive ones unwillingly C 解析:细节理解题。根据倒数第二段最后一句可知,母亲因为患病,成为教师的梦 想就破灭了,故选 C。 4.Which of the following is the best title for the text? A.Fighting against Kinds of Diseases B.Mother Gave Me Life Experience C.Belief in God Brought Me Good Luck D.How to Become a Responsible and Active Man B 解析:标题归纳题。根据文章的整体可推知,本文主要讲述了乐观的母亲对作者的积极 影响,使作者成为一个积极面对生活的人,故选 B。
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二、单句语法填空

1.Misunderstanding

(arise) from lack of social communication, unless handled properly,

may lead to serious problems.

答案:arising

2.They

(total)overlooked the study of this important subject.

答案:totally

3.Though the problem given by the teacher was difficult,the boy said that he could find the

(solve) to it. 答案:solution 4.Her car broke down on her way to the park; as

result, she had to ask someone to repair

it.

答案:a

5.

children get older, they become more and more interested in the things around them.

答案:As

6.This question is too difficult for the children. I think we’d better find a way to

(simple)

it.

答案:simplify

7.He was so absorbed in watching the car passing by

he didn’t notice his friends

coming.

答案:that

8.The king signalled him

(be) quiet and went on speaking.

答案:to be

9.With global warming becoming more and more serious, it won’t be long

some coastal

cities disappear. 答案:before 10.Many people thought highly of what he said, but
himself off. 答案:personally 三、完形填空。

(person), I thought he just showed

When Lisa Welch,from Jimboomba,Queensland,was struggling with what to gift her son

for his upcoming 10th birthday,she was beaten.Her little boy Jorge has a __1__, who,born with

Corticol Dysplasia,is unable to speak and his brain __2__ as an 18 months old.

Lisa had noticed that during the drive to school each weekday morning,Jorge almost jumped out of his seat __3__ every time they passed a big truck.This was what gave her the idea to put a post on the local Facebook Sell It page, __4__ a person with a truck to visit their home for an hour and __5__ take Jorge for a ride.Within minutes,Melissa Whelan,whose husband Tom drives a

big truck,__6__ to be online and contacted(联系)Lisa, Jorge's birthday __7__ had been organized. But the story doesn't __8__ there.The offers of trucks and time kept pouring in.It was at this
point that Gavin,another trucker,stepped in and __9__.Afterwards,he set up a __10__ page

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“Jimboomba Jorge” __11__ everyone could keep pace with what was unfolding.The __12__ of the birthday surprise spread,and enthusiasm and local community spirit __13__.Within 5 days,Gavin

had organized a convoy(车队)of 214 trucks, with __14__ coming from across the country.He

spoke with radio stations 4BC about Jorge and the convoy.Channel 9 Australia was contacted and they too made arrangements to be __15__ on the day.

Saturday the 15th December __16__ bright and sunny,which turned out the best ever

birthday for Jorge.The community also __17__ a total of $1 700 toward Jorge's ongoing __18__ costs and __19__ the birthday presents was the donation of a tablet PC from the local Telstra shop.Lisa is excited that this can be used to aid Jorge with his __20__.

1.A.toy

B.disability

C.situation

D.habit

2.A.treats

B.considers

C.functions

D.describes

3.A.casually

B.calmly

C.excitedly

D.violently

4.A.asking for

B.depending on

C.sending for D.bringing up

5.A.frequently

B.gradually

C.deliberately D.possibly

6.A.hesitated

B.happened

C.intended

D.pretended

7.A.surprise

B.invitations

C.evening

D.dance

8.A.end

B.begin

C.turn

D.mean

9.A.pulled over B.handed over

C.took over D.thought over

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10.A.normal

B.frequent

C.usual

D.special

11.A.in case

B.even if

C.as long as D.so that

12.A.time

B.place

C.rule

D.message

13.A.grew

B.sank

C.lost

D.fell

14.A.doctors

B.drivers

C.clerks

D.patients

15.A.off

B.out

C.away

D.there

16.A.showed

B.wiped

C.dawned D.varied

17.A.raised

B.earned

C.wasted

D.spent

18.A.general

B.medical

C.living

D.travelling

19.A.between

B.at

C.among

D.against

20.A.decision

B.communication

C.drive

D.relationship

【解题导语】本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了母亲 Lisa 为她患病的儿子准备生日惊喜的故

事。在很多人的帮助下,她的儿子 Jorge 度过了一个完美的生日,同时,Jorge 还收到了很多

生日礼物以及好心人的捐款。

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1.B 考查名词辨析。A 项意为“玩具”;B 项意为“缺陷,障碍”;C 项意为“情况”;D 项意为“习惯”。根据空格后的“who, born with Corticol Dysplasia, is unable to speak and his brain ________ as an 18 months old”可判断出,Jorge 生来身体上就有缺陷。故选 B。
2.C 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“对待”;B 项意为“考虑”;C 项意为“正常工作,运转”; D 项意为“描述”。根据“is unable to speak”可判断出,Jorge 大脑的运转水平大约和 18 月大的 孩子一样。故选 C。
3.C 考查副词辨析。A 项意为“不经意地”;B 项意为“镇静地”;C 项意为“兴奋地”; D 项意为“强烈地”。根据上文中的“jumped out of his seat”可判断出,此处指 Jorge 每次看到 有大卡车经过时都会从座位上兴奋地跳起来。故选 C。
4.A 考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“请求”;B 项意为“依赖”;C 项意为“派人去请”; D 项意为“提出,养育”。根据空格后的“a person with a truck to visit their home for an hour”可 判断出,此处指 Lisa 是想请求一位有卡车的人来她家。故选 A。
5.D 考查副词辨析。A 项意为“频繁地”;B 项意为“逐渐地”;C 项意为“故意地”;D 项意为“可能,也许”。根据语境可知,Lisa 希望如果有可能的话,卡车司机可以载 Jorge 一 程。故选 D。
6.B 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“犹豫”;B 项意为“发生”;C 项意为“打算”;D 项意为 “假装”。此处指丈夫是卡车司机的 Melissa Whelan 碰巧在线并联系了 Lisa。happen to do 意 为“碰巧发生”。故选 B。
7.A 考查名词辨析。A 项意为“惊喜”;B 项意为“邀请”;C 项意为“晚上”;D 项意为 “舞蹈”。根据第三段第五句中的“the birthday surprise spread”可知,此处指 Lisa 做这一切是 想给儿子一个生日惊喜。故选 A。
8.A 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“结束”;B 项意为“开始”;C 项意为“转动”;D 项意为 “意思是”。根据下文内容可知,这个故事并没有到此结束。故选 A。
9.C 考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“靠边停车”;B 项意为“移交”;C 项意为“接替, 接任”;D 项意为“仔细考虑”。根据下文中的“he set up a ________ page ‘Jimboomba Jorge'”可
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知,另一位卡车司机介入并接替了这件事情。故选 C。 10.D 考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“正常的”;B 项意为“频繁的”;C 项意为“通常的”;
D 项意为“特别的”。根据下文内容可知,这是一张特别的“page”。故选 D。 11.D 考查连词短语辨析。A 项意为“万一,假使”;B 项意为“即使”;C 项意为“只要”;
D 项意为“以便”。此处指 Gavin 建立一个写有“Jimboomba Jorge”的页面以便每个人都能知道 这件事情的进展。空格后面的状语从句表示的是结果,能引导结果状语从句的只有 so that。 故选 D。
12.D 考查名词辨析。A 项意为“时间”;B 项意为“地点”;C 项意为“规则”;D 项意 为“消息”。根据语境可知,生日惊喜的消息很快就传播开了。故选 D。
13.A 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“增长”;B 项意为“下沉”;C 项意为“丢失”;D 项意 为“落下”。根据下文内容可知,生日惊喜的消息很快就传播开来,热情和当地社区人们的情 绪高涨。故选 A。
14.B 考查名词辨析。A 项意为“医生”;B 项意为“司机”;C 项意为“职员”;D 项意 为“病人”。根据上文中的“Gavin had organized a convoy(车队)of 214 trucks”可知,Gavin 组织 了一个由来自全国各地的司机组成的卡车车队。故选 B。
15.D 考查副词辨析。句意为:有人联系了澳大利亚的 Channel 9,他们也做出了安 排,那天会在那里(进行报道)。故选 D。
16.C 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“展示”;B 项意为“擦”;C 项意为“天亮,破晓”;D 项意为“变化”。根据“bright and sunny”可判断出,天亮之后才能阳光明媚。故选 C。
17.A 考查动词辨析。A 项意为“筹集”;B 项意为“赚得”;C 项意为“浪费”;D 项意 为“花费”。根据空格后的“a total of $1 700”可知,社区也为 Jorge 筹集了 1 700 美元。故选 A。
18.B 考查形容词辨析。A 项意为“全体的,普遍的”;B 项意为“医疗的”;C 项意为“活 着的”;D 项意为“旅行的”。因为 Jorge 是一个患病的孩子,根据空格前后的“Jorge's ongoing” 和“costs”可知,这些钱是用来支付 Jorge 的医疗费用的。故选 B。
19.C 考查介词辨析。根据语境可知,Jorge 的生日礼物很多,among the birthday presents
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表示“在这些礼物当中”,符合语境。故选 C。

20.B 考查名词辨析。A 项意为“决定”;B 项意为“交流”;C 项意为“驾车路程”; D

项意为“关系”。根据第一段中的“is unable to speak”和本段中的“a tablet PC from the local

Telstra shop”可知,当地的 Telstra 商店送给 Jorge 一个平板电脑,Lisa 认为这对 Jorge 的交流

会有所帮助。故选 B。

亮点句积累:The offers of trucks and time kept pouring in.(第三段第二句)

译文:可供使用的卡车和时间段不断涌来。

词汇积累:pour v.不断涌向 organize v.组织

keep pace with 保持同步,并驾齐驱

四、单句改错

1.Under the help of the computer, it is now easy to deal with and share information.

答案:Under→With

2.With the wealth of the country increases, more waste will be produced.

答案:With→As 或 increases→increasing

3.In the way, I’m glad you made that mistake, for it will serve as a warning to you.

答案:the→a

4.The environment of Hong Kong is very outstanding that it is chosen as one of the world’s most

livable cities.

答案:very→so

5.Can you give me some advice on what to deal with this difficulty?

答案:what→how 或 deal→do

五、单元语法——现在完成时的被动语态

1.(2019·上海卷)In recent years,stress

(regard) as a cause of a whole range of medical

problems,from high blood pressure to mental illness.

答案:has been regarded

2.(2019·天津卷)Despite the previous rounds of talks,no agreement

(reach) so far by

the two sides.

答案:has been reached

3.(2019·江苏东台月考)So far, large quantities of information

(send) to the company

by e-mail, which has a great effect on improving the quality of its products.

答案:have been sent

4.In the past ten years,a lot of trees

(plant) on the hills in my hometown.

答案:have been planted

5.—Why do you look so upset?

—The electricity was cut off suddenly and my essay

(leave) unfinished since.

答案:has been left

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