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is one of the pra ctical form of value s.

The so-called val ues refers to the obj ective thi ngs are of no value and the value of fundamental perspe ctive. Different values, people's behavi our, attitudes , way s are different. People-oriente d focus on human value and reality, we nee d the br oade st masses as value s. A dhere to pe ople -orie nted val ues, is t o make the economy more devel opme nt, improve democracy, cult ural prosperit y, and live a happi er; is deeply concer ned t hat huma n deve lopme nt and human value s, devel opme nt of social a nd human development of rational unified, i nsisted i n the material civili zation, political civilizati on a nd s piritual civilizati on i n the ov erall advancement of Sociali st civilizati on to a higher l evel. Als o want to see that person's value is not only meet your needs, als o is to meet the nee ds of ot hers and the community. A dhere t o pe ople -or iented, to strongly advocate every community member, serve others, benefici al to the community of people. T he s o-calle d Outl ook ,

attitude is on the re cor d, including w ho, how to create a record of achievement s, how to evaluate perf ormance, a nd s o on. What values , what kind of Outlook. Adhere to people -orie nted Outlook, is on the premise of res pecti ng the i nterests and power of pe opl e, creati ng a popul ar, warm he arts, s teady heart performa nce, creating "serve for one officer, the be nefit of" achievement s, and overall constructi on of well-off society and pr omoting the all-r ound development of pe opl e's performa nce . Achi evement evaluati on i n bot h economic a ccomplis hments, take a nother look at the effectivene ss of social pr ogress ; cha nges i n bot h ur ban a nd rural cha nge; both hard e nvironme nt to strengt hen a nd take another l ook at the soft environment impr ovement moment um of devel opme nt at present, de pending on the pote ntial for sustai nabl e devel opme nt. Leave people to talk a bout "values" are worthles s and leave pe ople t o talk about "Outl ook" is not what t he performa nce .

4. people res ponde d to the starting point of the que stion, and replie d to questi ons poi nt. Ma n is the sum of s ocial rel ationshi ps. We ca nnot leav e the chichua nyongdu, housi ng, tourism and entertai nment, e ntertaini ng, and even certain politi cal, e conomic, cult ural and social e nvironme nt, and so on. Due to huma n nee ds, all w alks of life will come int o bei ng. Pe ople create for their survival, a nd conti nue enj oying the results of the constr ucti on. Col orful in t he transformation of the people of the worl d, community vitality in t he creati on of man. Therefore , any work we do, the starti ng point is human, what are people. Us speed up development, the core of whi ch is t o meet the needs of pe ople, i ncl udi ng s urvival nee ds, emoti ona l nee ds a nd se lf-actualization ne eds . It shoul d be note d that pe opl e are not machi nes, not the slave of an obj ect, not to be controlle d. Pe opl e have their own personality, has its ow n pers onal ity, ha s its o wn dig nity. Pers on in nee d of care, y ou need to understand, need

to meet. It is said t hat in the "agricultural society, people pl ant"; in "industrial society, ma n is an a nimal"; "the information s ociet y, return

江西经济管理干部学院 毕业设计(论文) 题目:



析工程投资管理

系别

专业班级



生姓名

指导教师

指导

教师职称

江西经济管理干部学院学生毕业设计(论文)开

题报告书 姓 名 专业和年级 学制

毕业设计

论文 题目 浅析工程投资管理 一、毕业论文课题综述 改革开

放以来,我国的造价工程已取得了较大的进步。造价管理部门从过去

计划经济体制下的被动管理,单纯编制定额发展到按市场经济变化,

定期公布各种工程要素的调整系数,造价系数;介入招标评标工作以

及合同管理。但是目前许多工程仍出现投资失控,概算超估算,预算

超概算,结算超预算。随着社会科技的发展。已经大大的控制了工程

投资过高,管理行业的管理也逐步进入规范化、标准化、法制化,趋

于完善的境界。但是,由于受社会与经济环境等因素的影响,工程投

资过高问题,仍为当今社会最为突出的问题。本文试图给大家分析工

程投资管理的重要性,剖析当前投资过高的原因以及控制工程质量的

一些解决方法。根据上述关于投资失控的一些论述。们可以初步的认

识到一个建筑企业要想发展就必须要控制好投资过高。 二、本题的

主要内容 (一)我国投资管理失控的原因 1、我国现行的投资管理

大多是处于阶段性的管理模式,缺乏建设项目全过程综合管理的意

识。 2、我国现行的工程投资确定方法多为静态、滞后的方法,其

确定往往是以定额为依据,定额单价又以几年前人工、材料、机械台

班价格的统计为基础。 3、现行投资控制中,占十分重要地位的合

Now, we are i n a new historical stage of all -round constr uction of a w ell-off societ y.

In perform dutie s, and carried out w ork of pr oce ss in t he, w e to put pe opl e as a g uide principles, a nd a te st standard, efforts from mass es most hope do of things do up, from mas ses most care of hot proble m grabbed, from mas ses most not satisfaction of place m odifie d up, not make nomi nal of formalism, not do grandsta ndi ng of cosmetic, t o seek ing of style , hel p masse s s hare, is pe ople benefit. (C) the investee pe ople i s not only an i dea, it i s a job re quirement . Philosophy thr ough to the pe ople -oriented thoug ht in t he work of the Office, must be cl ear work obj ectives . Party Office i n the city thi s year remains: Adva nce d civ il strife, local bra nd. The County (City) Party Committee offices and units directly under the Office to hol d hig h the banner of first to excellence, people -orie nted re quire ments, strengt hen t he constructi on a nd ma nagement of the Office t owards the w ork "a hig her level". I nvestee 1 .

political partici pation bas ed on conspiracy t o adhere to people-oriente d, will be around to pr omote coordi nationDevel opme nt events, great se archi ngs. T he 16 sessi on of the party's s cie ntific Outlook on development, i s the ne w Ce ntral coll ective lea dershi p to the devel opme nt of connotation, dev elopme nt esse ntials, f urt her dee pe n the es sence of development and innovation, is our party' s ruling i dea a lea p. At prese nt, establi shi ng and impleme nt ing the scie ntific concept of development ha s be come the party's important work. A s the Office of party Committee, w orking pa rty should servi ce ce nter, i nitiative to claim lea ders hip of the decision, the curre nt focus is to focus on promoti ng com prehe nsive, coordinated and s ustaina ble development with m ore suggesti ons, do more resear ch, s ummarized t he typical. One is drafted to raise the lev el of your presentati on. Your pre sentation i s the main Office of "products", is t he ba sic carrier staff service, is im portant to mea sure s ervice leve ls. T he quality

of your pre sentation, mai nly de pends on how m uch we drafted a docume nt recognize d by the leadershi p, how many are l isteni ng to the pe ople i n favour of the report, how many paid dividends in t he pra ctical w ork. Im prove pre sentati on drafting level, requirement s we a ccurate gras p le d intent, General le d care of work are t o as understand, Ge neral led consi der of pr oblem are t o in -depth t hinki ng; re quirement s we highlight place features, put s uperi or approa ch poli cy and local a ctual combi ned up, put prese ntation of theme t hrust a nd mas ses of by thought by wants t o combine d up; r equireme nts we s eeks to streamline d clea r, wit h simple of lang uage expres sion de ep of t houg ht, with short of lengt h hosted ri ch of connotation. Second, the survey res ults more . Investigati on of the ba se, the road t o s uccess i s somet hing, is our for the Party Committ ee's poli cy de cisi on a g ood idea, an important part of a good staff. This yea r, to focus ar ound i ndustrial XING city, and farmers incre ase, a nd a nd

manpow er devel opme nt, and seeki ng, major probl em and foster a dvantage industry, a nd adjustme nt agricult ural structure, a nd carried

is one of the pra ctical form of value s.

The so-called val ues refers to the obj ective thi ngs are of no value and the value of fundamental perspe ctive. Different values, people's behavi our, attitudes , ways are different. People-oriente d focus on human value and reality, we nee d the br oade st masses as value s. A dhere to pe ople -orie nted val ues, is t o make the economy more devel opme nt, improve democracy, cult ural prosperit y, and live a happi er; is deep ly concer ned t hat huma n deve lopme nt and human value s, devel opme nt of social a nd human development of rational unified, i nsisted i n the material civili zation, political civilizati on a nd s piritual civilizati on i n the ov erall advancement of Sociali st civilizati on to a higher l evel. Als o want to see that person's value is not only meet your needs, als o is to meet the nee ds of ot hers and the community. A dhere t o pe ople -or iented, to strongly advocate every community member, serve others, benefici al to the community of people. T he s o-calle d Outl ook ,

attitude is on the re cor d, including w ho, how to create a record of achievement s, how to evaluate performance, a nd s o on. What values , what kind of Outlook. Adhere t o people -orie nted Outlook, is on the premise of res pecti ng the i nterests and power of pe opl e, creati ng a popul ar, warm he arts, s tea dy heart performa nce, creating "serve for one officer, the be nefit of" achievement s, and overall constructi on of well-off society and pr omoting the all-r ound development of pe opl e's performa nce . Achi evement evaluati on i n bot h economic a ccomplis hments, take a nother look at the effectivene ss of social pr ogress ; cha nges i n bot h ur ban a nd rural cha nge; both hard e nvironme nt to strengt hen a nd take another l ook at the soft environment impr ovement moment um of devel opme nt at present, de pending on the pote ntial for sustai nabl e devel opme nt. Leave people to talk a bout "values" are worthles s and leave pe ople t o talk about "Outl ook" is not what t he performa nce .

4. people res ponde d to the starting point of the que stion, and replie d to questi ons poi nt. Ma n is the sum of s ocial rel ationshi ps. We ca nnot leav e the chichua nyongdu, housi ng, tourism and entertai nment, e ntertaini ng, and even certain politi cal, e conomic, cult ural and social e nvironme nt, and so on. Due to huma n nee ds, all w alks of life will come int o bei ng. Pe ople create for their survival, a nd conti nue enj oying the results of the constr ucti on. Col orful in t he transformation of the peo ple of the worl d, community vitality in t he creati on of man. Therefore , any work we do, the starti ng point is human, what are people. Us speed up development, the core of whi ch is t o meet the needs of pe ople, i ncl udi ng s urvival nee ds, emoti ona l nee ds a nd se lf-actualization ne eds . It shoul d be note d that pe opl e are not machi nes, not the slave of an obj ect, not to be controlle d. Pe opl e have their own personality, has its ow n pers onal ity, ha s its own dig nity. Pers on in nee d of care, y ou need to understand, need

to meet. It is said t hat in the "agricultural society, people pl ant"; in "industrial society, ma n is an a nimal"; "the information s ociet y, return

同管理还未完全规范和法制化。 4、造价管理人员素质较差,不能适

应造价管理工作的需要。 (二)投资管理工作发展趋势与避免投资

失控的措施 1.加强设计阶段投资控制,提高造价管理实效 2.动

态造价信息系统的开发与应用是投资控制的有效工具 3.加强合同

管理,保证工程投资的有效控制 4.培养造价管理人员的综合素质,

提高投资控制质量 三、完成期限和采取主要措施 2008 年 11 月 开

题报告 2009 年 1 月 6 日――2009 年 2 月 1 日 收集资料 2009 年 2

月 11 日――2009 年 3 月 1 日 整理资料 2009 年 3 月 2 日――2009

年 3 月 22 日 形成初稿 2009 年 3 月 23 日――2009 年 4 月 13 日修改

初稿 2009 年 4 月 21 日――2009 年 5 月 10 日 定稿 2009 年 5 月 11

日――2009 年 6 月 5 日 整理装订成册 四、主要参考文献 [1]刘国

华;陈建俊 龙艳云,马心俐,徐艳华,于森 侯远静,司东明; 二 、 本

论 (一)我国投资管理失控的原因 (二)投资管理工作发展趋势

与避免投资失控的措施 三 、 结论 本文章主要讨论投资管理的主

要性,剖析当前投资过高的原因以及控制的投资过高的对策。根据上

述关于投资过高的一些论述,我们可以初步认识到建筑企业要想发展

就必须控制好投资过高。

浅析工程投资管理

[内容摘要] 在建筑工程项目管理中,质量控制、进度莓制、投资控

制作为其三大控制,是建筑工程能否实现预期经济效益、社会效益的

核心。其中,质量控制与进度控制经过多年的发展,已相对规范与完

善,只有投资控制,因其人为因素影响较大,尚未达到理想效果。本

文就目前建筑工程投资控制现状,对投资控制失控的原因进行分析,

Now, we are i n a new historical stage of all -round constr uction of a w ell-off societ y.

In perform dutie s, and carried out w ork of pr oce ss in t he, w e to put pe opl e as a g uide principles, a nd a te st stan dard, efforts from mass es most hope do of things do up, from mas ses most care of hot proble m grabbed, from mas ses most not sa tisfaction of place m odifie d up, not make nomi nal of formalism, not do grandsta ndi ng of cosmetic, t o seek ing of style , hel p m asse s s hare, is pe ople benefit. (C) the investee pe ople i s not only an i dea, it i s a job re quirement . Philosophy thr ough to the pe ople -oriented thoug ht in t he work of the Office, must be cl ear work obj ectives . Party Office i n the city thi s year remains: Adva nce d civ il strife, local bra nd. The County (City) Party Committee offices and units directly under the Office to hol d hig h the ban ner of first to excellence, people -orie nted re quire ments, strengt hen t he constructi on a nd ma nagement of the Office t owards the w ork "a hig her level". I nvestee 1 .

political partici pation bas ed on conspiracy t o adhere to people-oriente d, will be around to pr omote coordi nationDevel opme nt events, great se archi ngs. T he 16 sessi on of the party's s cie ntific Outlook on development, i s the ne w Ce ntral coll ective lea dershi p to the devel opme nt of connotation, dev elopme nt esse ntials, furt her dee pe n the es sence of development and innovation, is our party' s ruling i dea a lea p. At prese nt, establi shi ng and impleme nting the scie ntific concept of development ha s be come the party's important work. A s the Office of party Committee, w orking party should servi ce ce nter, i nitiat ive to claim lea ders hip of the decision, the curre nt focus is to focus on promoti ng com prehe nsive, coordinated and s ustaina ble development with m ore suggesti ons, do more resear ch, s ummarized t he typical. One is drafted to raise the lev el of your presentati on. Your pre sentation i s the main Office of "products", is t he ba sic carrier staff service, is im portant to mea sure s ervice leve ls. T he quality

of your pre sentation, mai nly de pends on how m uch we drafted a docume nt recognize d by the leadershi p, how many are l isteni ng to the pe ople i n favour of the report, how many paid dividends in t he pra ctical w ork. Im prove pre sentati on drafting lev el, requirement s we a ccurate gras p le d intent, General le d care of work are t o as understand, Ge neral led consi der of pr oblem are t o in-depth t hinki ng; re quirement s we highlight place features, put s uperi or approa ch poli cy and local a ctual combi ned up, put prese ntation of theme t hrust a nd mas ses of by thought by wants t o combine d up; r equireme nts we s eeks to streamline d clea r, wit h simple of lang uage expres sion de ep of t houg ht, with short of lengt h hosted ri ch of connotation. Second, the survey res ults more . Investigati on of the ba se, the road t o s uccess i s somet hing, is our for the Party Committee's poli cy de cisi on a g ood idea, an important part of a good staff. This yea r, to focus ar ound i ndustrial XING city, and farmers incre ase, a nd a nd

manpow er devel opme nt, and seeki ng, major probl em and foster a dvantage industry, a nd adjustme nt agricult ural structure, a nd carried

is one of the pra ctical form of value s.

The so-called val ues refers to the obj ective thi ngs are of no value and the value of fundamental perspe ctive. Different values, people's behavi our, attitudes , ways are different. People-oriente d focus on human value and reality, we nee d the br oade st masses as value s. A dhere to pe ople -orie nted val ues, is t o make the economy more devel opme nt, improve democracy, cult ural prosperit y, and live a happi er; is deep ly concer ned t hat huma n deve lopme nt and human value s, devel opme nt of social a nd human development of rational unified, i nsisted i n the material civili zation, political civilizati on a nd s piritual civilizati on i n the ov erall advancement of Sociali st civilizati on to a higher l evel. Als o want to see that person's value is not only meet your needs, als o is to meet the nee ds of ot hers and the community. A dhere t o pe ople -or iented, to strongly advocate every community member, serve others, benefici al to the community of people. T he s o-calle d Outl ook ,

attitude is on the re cor d, including w ho, how to create a record of achievement s, how to evaluate performance, a nd s o on. What values , what kind of Outlook. Adhere to people -orie nted Outlook, is on the premise of res pecti ng the i nterests and power of pe opl e, creati ng a popul ar, warm he arts, s teady heart performa nce, creating "serve for one officer, the be nefit of" achievement s, and overall constructi on of well-off society and pr omoting the all-r ound development of pe opl e's performa nce . Achi evement evaluati on i n bot h economic a ccomplis hments, take a nother look at the effectivene ss of social pr ogress ; cha nges i n bot h ur ban a nd rural cha nge; both hard e nvironme nt to strengt hen a nd take another l ook at the soft environment impr ovement moment um of devel opme nt at present, de pending on the pote ntial for sustai nabl e devel opme nt. Leave people to talk a bout "values" are worthles s and leave pe opl e t o talk about "Outl ook" is not what t he performa nce .

4. people res ponde d to the starting point of the que stion, and replie d to questi ons poi nt. Ma n is the sum of s ocial rel ationshi ps. We ca nnot leav e the chichua nyongdu, housi ng, tourism and entertai nment, e ntertaini ng, and even certain politi cal, e conomic, cult ural and social e nvironme nt, and so on. Due to huma n nee ds, all w alks of life will come int o bei ng. Pe ople create for their survival, a nd conti nue enj oying the results of the constr ucti on. Col orf ul in t he transformation of the people of the worl d, community vitality in t he creati on of man. Therefore , any work we do, the starti ng point is human, what are people. Us speed up development, the core of whi ch is t o meet the needs of pe ople, i ncl udi ng s urvival nee ds, emoti ona l nee ds a nd se lf-actualization ne eds . It shoul d be note d that pe opl e are not machi nes, not the slave of an obj ect, not to be controlle d. Pe opl e have their own personality, has its ow n pers onal ity, ha s its own dig nity. Pers on in nee d of care, y ou need to understand, need

to meet. It is said t hat in the "agricultural society, people pl ant"; in "industrial society, ma n is an a nimal"; "the information s ociet y, return

并提出一些改进意见与措施

[关键词] 投资管理、动态控制、

合同管理、造价咨询

工程投资,成本要低。工程投资是建设

工程重要的环节,也是企业公司的一大难题。如何控制工程投资过高

已是建筑企业的关键,文试图给大家分析工程投资管理的重要性,剖

析当前投资过高的原因以及控制工程投资过高的一些解决方法。据上

述关于投资失控的一些论述。们可以初步的认识到一个建筑要想 发

展就必须要控制好投资过高。 一

我国投资管理失控的原因

工程投资的管理即为工程造价的管理。改革开放以来,我国的造价工

程已取得了较大的进步。造价管理部门从过去计划经济体制下的被动

管理,单纯编制定额发展到按市场经济变化,定期公布各种工程要素

的调整系数,造价系数;介入招标评标工作以及合同管理。但是目前

许多工程仍出现投资失控,概算超估算,预算超概算,结算超预算。

究其原因,主要有以下几个方面: (1)、我国现行的投资管理

大多是处于阶段性的管理模式,缺乏建设项目全过程综合管理的意

识。建设单位、设计单位、施工单位缺乏统一的造价管理目标和相互

勾通,工程监理单位往往只局限于施工阶段的质量与进度管理,很少

介入投资决策分析。设计单位在设计阶段虽做了工程概算甚至细化到

预算,但由于缺少对设计方案造价指标的控制约束,导致设计保守、

投资偏高。在施工招投标阶段,标底和标价估价不准,使得工程在实

施阶段,或者由于资金短缺,或者成本管理不严,导致投资管理失控。

工程不能按期完成,贷款利息不断增加,原本紧缺的资金在恶性循环

里运行,给企业、金融机构和国家都带来了巨大的损失。 (2)、

Now, we are i n a new historical stage of all -round constr uction of a w ell-off societ y.

In perform dutie s, and carried out w ork of pr oce ss in t he, w e to put pe opl e as a g uide principles, a nd a te st standard, efforts from mass es most hope do of things do up, from ma s ses most care of hot proble m grabbed, from mas ses most not satisfaction of place m odifie d up, not make nomi nal of formalism, not do grandsta ndi ng of cosmetic, t o seek ing of style , hel p masse s s hare, is pe ople benefit. (C) the investee pe ople i s not only an i dea, it i s a job re quirement . Philosophy thr ough to the pe ople -oriented thoug ht in t he work of the Office, must be cl ear work obj ectives . Party Office i n the city thi s year remains: Adva nce d civ il strife, local bra nd. The County (City) Party Committee offices and units directly under the Office to hol d hig h the banner of first to excellence, people -orie nted re quire ments, strengt hen t he constructi on a nd ma nagement of the Office t owards the w ork "a hig her level". I nvestee 1 .

political partici pation bas ed on conspiracy t o adhere to people-oriente d, will be around to pr omote coordi nationDevel opme nt events, great se archi ngs. T he 16 sessi on of the party's s cie ntific Outlook on development, i s the ne w Ce ntral coll ective lea dershi p to the devel opme nt of connotati on, dev elopme nt esse ntials, furt her dee pe n the es sence of development and innovation, is our party' s ruling i dea a lea p. At prese nt, establi shi ng and impleme nting the scie ntific concept of development ha s be come the party's important work. A s the Office of party Committee, w orking party should servi ce ce nter, i nitiative to claim lea ders hip of the decision, the curre nt focus is to focus on promoti ng com prehe nsive, coordinated and s ustaina ble development with m ore suggesti ons, do more resear ch, s ummarized t he typical. One is drafted to raise the lev el of your presentati on. Your pre sentation i s the main Office of "products", is t he ba sic carrier staff service, is im portant to mea sure s ervice leve ls. T he quality

of your pre sentation, mai nly de pends on how m uch we drafted a docume nt recognize d by the leadershi p, how many are l isteni ng to the pe ople i n favour of the report, how many paid dividends in t he pra ctical w ork. Im prove pre sentati on drafting level, requirement s we a ccurate gras p le d intent, General le d care of work are t o as understand, Ge neral led consi der of pr oblem are t o in -depth t hinki ng; re quirement s we highlight place features, put s uperi or approa ch poli cy and local a ctual combi ned up, put prese ntation of theme t hrust a nd mas ses of by thought by wants t o combine d up; r equireme nts we s eeks to streamline d clea r, wit h simple of lang uage expres sion de ep of t houg ht, with short of lengt h hosted ri ch of connotation. Second, the survey res ults more . Investigati on of the ba se, the road t o s uccess i s somet hing, is our for the Party Committee's poli cy de cisi on a g ood idea, an important part of a good staff. This yea r, to focus ar ound i ndustrial XING city, and farmers incre ase, a nd a nd

manpow er devel opme nt, and seeki ng, major probl em and foster a dvantage industry, a nd adjustme nt agricult ural structure, a nd carried

is one of the pra ctical form of value s.

The so-called val ues refers to the obj ective thi ngs are of no value and the value of fundamental perspe ctive. Different values, people's behavi our, attitudes , ways are different. People-oriente d focus on human valu e and reality, we nee d the br oade st masses as value s. A dhere to pe ople -orie nted val ues, is t o make the economy more devel opme nt, improve democracy, cult ural prosperit y, and live a happi er; is deep ly concer ned t hat huma n deve lopme nt and human value s, devel opme nt of social a nd human development of rational unified, i nsisted i n the material civili zation, political civilizati on a nd s piritual civilizati on i n the ov erall advancement of Sociali st civilizati on to a higher l evel. Als o want to see that person's value is not only meet your needs, als o is to meet the nee ds of ot hers and the community. A dhere t o pe ople -or iented, to strongly advocate every community member, serve others, benefici al to the community of people. T he s o-calle d Outl ook ,

attitude is on the re cor d, including w ho, how to create a record of achievement s, how to evaluate performance, a nd s o on. What values , what kind of Outlook. Adhere t o people -orie nted Outlook, is on the premise of res pecti ng the i nterests and power of pe opl e, creati ng a popul ar, warm he arts, s tea dy heart performa nce, creating "serve for one officer, the be nefit of" achievement s, and overall constructi on of well-off society and pr omoting the all-r ound development of pe opl e's performa nce . Achi evement evaluati on i n bot h economic a ccomplis hments, take a nother look at the effectivene ss of social pr ogress ; cha nges i n bot h ur ban a nd rural cha nge; both hard e nvironme nt to strengt hen a nd take another l ook at the soft environment impr ovement moment um of devel opme nt at present, de pending on the pote ntial for sustai nabl e devel opme nt. Leave people to talk a bout "values" are worthles s and leave pe ople t o talk about "Outl ook" is not what t he performa nce .

4. people res ponde d to the starting point of the que stion, and replie d to questi ons poi nt. Ma n is the sum of s ocial rel ationshi ps. We ca nnot leav e the chichua nyongdu, housi ng, tourism and entertai nment, e ntertaini ng, and even certain politi cal, e conomic, cult ural and social e nvironme nt, and so on. Due to huma n nee ds, all w alks of life will come int o bei ng. Pe ople create for their survival, a nd conti nue enj oying the results of the constr ucti on. Col orful in t he transformation of the peo ple of the worl d, community vitality in t he creati on of man. Therefore , any work we do, the starti ng point is human, what are people. Us speed up development, the core of whi ch is t o meet the needs of pe ople, i ncl udi ng s urvival nee ds, emoti ona l nee ds a nd se lf-actualization ne eds . It shoul d be note d that pe opl e are not machi nes, not the slave of an obj ect, not to be controlle d. Pe opl e have their own personality, has its ow n pers onal ity, ha s its own dig nity. Pers on in nee d of care, y ou need to understand, need

to meet. It is said t hat in the "agricultural society, people pl ant"; in "industrial society, ma n is an a nimal"; "the information s ociet y, return

我国现行的工程投资确定方法多为静态、滞后的方法,其确定往往是 以定额为依据,定额单价又以几年前人工、材料、机械台班价格的统 计为基础。虽然各地造价管理部门也通过定期发布一些调整系数或补 差来达到与当前的工程造价管理信息系统的开发和运用还不能及时 提供造价管理人员所需的信息,难以实行与国际惯例接轨的实物法预 算编制,因此,这种静态、滞后的价格取定方法,无法满足日益变化 的市场经济要求。不同水平的承包商依据同一定额编制不同工程的价 格,无法区别承包单位在不同地点、不同工程上的价格差异。 (3)、现行投资控制中,占十分重要地位的合同管理还未完全规范和 法制化。一方面,合同条款不够严密,实施过程中合同双方对合同条 款的理解不一,影响工程顺利进行;另一方面,对合同的法律性认识 不足,有法不依。如工程的支付往往就不能按合同及时支付,承包方 不得不通过回扣等手段获得工程款,由此也造成了建筑行业中行贿较 为严重的局面。 (4)、造价管理人员素质较差,不能适应造价 管理工作的需要。我国现有的工程造价顾问或咨询公司,其主要业务 大多是依靠定额进行工程预、结算的审核。其人员往往只具有从事概 预算工作的资格。因此在推行造价管理工作中,暴露出来的一个最大 问题就是不适应现代造价管理的要求。具体表现为:一是专业技术素 质差,不能独立果断地处理复杂的工程技术经济问题,投资预控能力 差,大量的工作仍停留在事后处理阶段;二中组织协调工程项目各主 体间的关系;三是缺乏经济和法律知识,处理索赔能力差,尤其是缺 乏对国际工程管理中的 FIDIC 合同条件的理解。在建筑市场竞争激烈

Now, we are i n a new historical stage of all -round constr uction of a w ell-off societ y.

In perform dutie s, and carried out w ork of pr oce ss in t he, w e to put pe opl e as a g uide principles, a nd a te st stan dard, efforts from mass es most hope do of things do up, from mas ses most care of hot proble m grabbed, from mas ses most not sa tisfaction of place m odifie d up, not make nomi nal of formalism, not do grandsta ndi ng of cosmetic, t o seek ing of style , hel p m asse s s hare, is pe ople benefit. (C) the investee pe ople i s not only an i dea, it i s a job re quirement . Philosophy thr ough to the pe ople -oriented thoug ht in t he work of the Office, must be cl ear work obj ectives . Party Office i n the city thi s year remains: Adva nce d civ il strife, local bra nd. The County (City) Party Committee offices and units directly under the Office to hol d hig h the ban ner of first to excellence, people -orie nted re quire ments, strengt hen t he constructi on a nd ma nagement of the Office t owards the w ork "a hig her level". I nvestee 1 .

political partici pation bas ed on conspiracy t o adhere to people-oriente d, will be around to pr omote coordi nationDevel opme nt events, great se archi ngs. T he 16 sessi on of the party's s cie ntific Outlook on development, i s the ne w Ce ntral coll ective lea dershi p to the devel opme nt of connotation, dev elopme nt esse ntials, furt her dee pe n the es sence of development and innovation, is our party' s ruling i dea a lea p. At prese nt, establi shi ng and impleme nting the scie ntific concept of development ha s be come the party's important work. A s the Office of party Committee, w orking party should servi ce ce nter, i nitiat ive to claim lea ders hip of the decision, the curre nt focus is to focus on promoti ng com prehe nsive, coordinated and s ustaina ble development with m ore suggesti ons, do more resear ch, s ummarized t he typical. One is drafted to raise the lev el of your presentati on. Your pre sentation i s the main Office of "products", is t he ba sic carrier staff service, is im portant to mea sure s ervice leve ls. T he quality

of your pre sentation, mai nly de pends on how m uch we drafted a docume nt recognize d by the leadershi p, how many are l isteni ng to the pe ople i n favour of the report, how many paid dividends in t he pra ctical w ork. Im prove pre sentati on drafting lev el, requirement s we a ccurate gras p le d intent, General le d care of work are t o as understand, Ge neral led consi der of pr oblem are t o in-depth t hinki ng; re quirement s we highlight place features, put s uperi or approa ch poli cy and local a ctual combi ned up, put prese ntation of theme t hrust a nd mas ses of by thought by wants t o combine d up; r equireme nts we s eeks to streamline d clea r, wit h simple of lang uage expres sion de ep of t houg ht, with short of lengt h hosted ri ch of connotation. Second, the survey res ults more . Investigati on of the ba se, the road t o s uccess i s somet hing, is our for the Party Committee's poli cy de cisi on a g ood idea, an important part of a good staff. This yea r, to focus ar ound i ndustrial XING city, and farmers incre ase, a nd a nd

manpow er devel opme nt, and seeki ng, major probl em and foster a dvantage industry, a nd adjustme nt agricult ural structure, a nd carried

is one of the pra ctical form of value s.

The so-called val ues refers to the obj ective thi ngs are of no value and the value of fundamental perspe ctive. Different values, people's behavi our, attitudes , ways are different. People-oriente d focus on human valu e and reality, we nee d the br oade st masses as value s. A dhere to pe ople -orie nted val ues, is t o make the economy more devel opme nt, improve democracy, cult ural prosperit y, and live a happi er; is deep ly concer ned t hat huma n deve lopme nt and human value s, devel opme nt of social a nd human development of rational unified, i nsisted i n the material civili zation, political civilizati on a nd s piritual civilizati on i n the ov erall advancement of Sociali st civilizati on to a higher l evel. Als o want to see that person's value is not only meet your needs, als o is to meet the nee ds of ot hers and the community. A dhere t o pe ople -or iented, to strongly advocate every community member, serve others, benefici al to the community of people. T he s o-calle d Outl ook ,

attitude is on the re cor d, including w ho, how to create a record of achievement s, how to evaluate performance, a nd s o on. What values , what kind of Outlook. Adhere to people -orie nted Outlook, is on the premise of res pecti ng the i nterests and power of pe opl e, creati ng a popul ar, warm he arts, s teady heart performa nce, creating "serve for one officer, the be nefit of" achievement s, and overall constructi on of well-off society and pr omoting the all-r ound development of pe opl e's performa nce . Achi evement evaluati on i n bot h economic a ccomplis hments, take a nother look at the effectivene ss of social pr ogress ; cha nges i n bot h ur ban a nd rural cha nge; both hard e nvironme nt to strengt hen a nd take another l ook at the soft environment impr ovement moment um of devel opme nt at present, de pending on the pote ntial for sustai nabl e devel opme nt. Leave people to talk a bout "values" are worthles s and leave pe opl e t o talk about "Outl ook" is not what t he performa nce .

4. people res ponde d to the starting point of the que stion, and replie d to questi ons poi nt. Ma n is the sum of s ocial rel ationshi ps. We ca nnot leav e the chichua nyongdu, housi ng, tourism and entertai nment, e ntertaini ng, and even certain politi cal, e conomic, cult ural and social e nvironme nt, and so on. Due to huma n nee ds, all w alks of life will come int o bei ng. Pe ople create for their survival, a nd conti nue enj oying the results of the constr ucti on. Col orf ul in t he transformation of the people of the worl d, community vitality in t he creati on of man. Therefore , any work we do, the starti ng point is human, what are people. Us speed up development, the core of whi ch is t o meet the needs of pe ople, i ncl udi ng s urvival nee ds, emoti ona l nee ds a nd se lf-actualization ne eds . It shoul d be note d that pe opl e are not machi nes, not the slave of an obj ect, not to be controlle d. Pe opl e have their own personality, has its ow n pers onal ity, ha s its own dig nity. Pers on in nee d of care, y ou need to understand, need

to meet. It is said t hat in the "agricultural society, people pl ant"; in "industrial society, ma n is an a nimal"; "the information s ociet y, return

的今天,这种专业水平显然不能满足现代化工程造价管理的要求。如 果不尽快提高其业务管理水平,我国建筑企业失去的不仅是国外建筑 市场,甚至还可能因建筑业的全球化使得我国国内建筑市场也将国外 建筑商所占领导。 2、建筑工程投资管理失控的原因造成建筑工 程投资管理失控的原因有多种,其中最主要的以下几个方面: 二、 投资管理工作发展趋势与避免投资失控的措施 工程投资管理工 作的发展趋势是与国际建筑业发展趋势紧密相关的。1997 年 9 月英 国里要大学和里丁建设论坛发起和组织了国际建筑业发展战略研究 会。与会代表指出了建筑业的发展趋势,其中首要一条就是提醒建筑 界应充分认识到,处于建筑业变化的最前沿是业主,业主是推动建筑 业发展的原动力。业主方更多地希望设计和施工紧密结合,提供包括 项目前期的策划和开发设计、施工以至物业管理的全过程服务。因此 国外及一些国内的外资工程、大型国际招标工程,在工程投资管理上 出现了以下一些趋势,为此,作者试图提出顺应这些发展趋势的对策, 力争避免投资失控,以便使我国的造价管理工作尽快地与国际惯例接 轨。 (1).加强设计阶段投资控制,提高造价管理实效 由 于业主希望建筑业提供形成建筑业产品全过程的服务,因此,受聘于 业主的造价顾问或咨询公司,便参与了从投资可行性研究直到竣工决 算的全部工作,但在这些连续的全过程管理中,不同阶段又有轻重之 分,据西方一些国家分析,设计费一般只相当于建筑工程全寿命费用 的 1%以下,但正是这少于 1%的费用却基本决定了几乎全部随后的 费用。由此可见,设计阶段的投资管理对整个工程的造价管理是何等

Now, we are i n a new historical stage of all -round constr uction of a w ell-off societ y.

In perform dutie s, and carried out w ork of pr oce ss in t he, w e to put pe opl e as a g uide principles, a nd a te st standard, efforts from mass es most hope do of things do up, from ma s ses most care of hot proble m grabbed, from mas ses most not satisfaction of place m odifie d up, not make nomi nal of formalism, not do grandsta ndi ng of cosmetic, t o seek ing of style , hel p masse s s hare, is pe ople benefit. (C) the investee pe ople i s not only an i dea, it i s a job re quirement . Philosophy thr ough to the pe ople -oriented thoug ht in t he work of the Office, must be cl ear work obj ectives . Party Office i n the city thi s year remains: Adva nce d civ il strife, local bra nd. The County (City) Party Committee offices and units directly under the Office to hol d hig h the banner of first to excellence, people -orie nted re quire ments, strengt hen t he constructi on a nd ma nagement of the Office t owards the w ork "a hig her level". I nvestee 1 .

political partici pation bas ed on conspiracy t o adhere to people-oriente d, will be around to pr omote coordi nationDevel opme nt events, great se archi ngs. T he 16 sessi on of the party's s cie ntific Outlook on development, i s the ne w Ce ntral coll ective lea dershi p to the devel opme nt of connotati on, dev elopme nt esse ntials, furt her dee pe n the es sence of development and innovation, is our party' s ruling i dea a lea p. At prese nt, establi shi ng and impleme nting the scie ntific concept of development ha s be come the party's important work. A s the Office of party Committee, w orking party should servi ce ce nter, i nitiative to claim lea ders hip of the decision, the curre nt focus is to focus on promoti ng com prehe nsive, coordinated and s ustaina ble development with m ore suggesti ons, do more resear ch, s ummarized t he typical. One is drafted to raise the lev el of your presentati on. Your pre sentation i s the main Office of "products", is t he ba sic carrier staff service, is im portant to mea sure s ervice leve ls. T he quality

of your pre sentation, mai nly de pends on how m uch we drafted a docume nt recognize d by the leadershi p, how many are l isteni ng to the pe ople i n favour of the report, how many paid dividends in t he pra ctical w ork. Im prove pre sentati on drafting level, requirement s we a ccurate gras p le d intent, General le d care of work are t o as understand, Ge neral led consi der of pr oblem are t o in -depth t hinki ng; re quirement s we highlight place features, put s uperi or approa ch poli cy and local a ctual combi ned up, put prese ntation of theme t hrust a nd mas ses of by thought by wants t o combine d up; r equireme nts we s eeks to streamline d clea r, wit h simple of lang uage expres sion de ep of t houg ht, with short of lengt h hosted ri ch of connotation. Second, the survey res ults more . Investigati on of the ba se, the road t o s uccess i s somet hing, is our for the Party Committee's poli cy de cisi on a g ood idea, an important part of a good staff. This yea r, to focus ar ound i ndustrial XING city, and farmers incre ase, a nd a nd

manpow er devel opme nt, and seeki ng, major probl em and foster a dvantage industry, a nd adjustme nt agricult ural structure, a nd carried

is one of the pra ctical form of value s.

The so-called val ues refers to the obj ective thi ngs are of no value and the value of fundamental perspe ctive. Different values, people's behavi our, attitudes , ways are different. People-oriente d focus on human valu e and reality, we nee d the br oade st masses as value s. A dhere to pe ople -orie nted val ues, is t o make the economy more devel opme nt, improve democracy, cult ural prosperit y, and live a happi er; is deep ly concer ned t hat huma n deve lopme nt and human value s, devel opme nt of social a nd human development of rational unified, i nsisted i n the material civili zation, political civilizati on a nd s piritual civilizati on i n the ov erall advancement of Sociali st civilizati on to a higher l evel. Als o want to see that person's value is not only meet your needs, als o is to meet the nee ds of ot hers and the community. A dhere t o pe ople -or iented, to strongly advocate every community member, serve others, benefici al to the community of people. T he s o-calle d Outl ook ,

attitude is on the re cor d, including w ho, how to create a record of achievement s, how to evaluate performance, a nd s o on. What values , what kind of Outlook. Adhere t o people -orie nted Outlook, is on the premise of res pecti ng the i nterests and power of pe opl e, creati ng a popul ar, warm he arts, s tea dy heart performa nce, creating "serve for one officer, the be nefit of" achievement s, and overall constructi on of well-off society and pr omoting the all-r ound development of pe opl e's performa nce . Achi evement evaluati on i n bot h economic a ccomplis hments, take a nother look at the effectivene ss of social pr ogress ; cha nges i n bot h ur ban a nd rural cha nge; both hard e nvironme nt to strengt hen a nd take another l ook at the soft environment impr ovement moment um of devel opme nt at present, de pending on the pote ntial for sustai nabl e devel opme nt. Leave people to talk a bout "values" are worthles s and leave pe ople t o talk about "Outl ook" is not what t he performa nce .

4. people res ponde d to the starting point of the que stion, and replie d to questi ons poi nt. Ma n is the sum of s ocial rel ationshi ps. We ca nnot leav e the chichua nyongdu, housi ng, tourism and entertai nment, e ntertaini ng, and even certain politi cal, e conomic, cult ural and social e nvironme nt, and so on. Due to huma n nee ds, all w alks of life will come int o bei ng. Pe ople create for their survival, a nd conti nue enj oying the results of the constr ucti on. Col orful in t he transformation of the peo ple of the worl d, community vitality in t he creati on of man. Therefore , any work we do, the starti ng point is human, what are people. Us speed up development, the core of whi ch is t o meet the needs of pe ople, i ncl udi ng s urvival nee ds, emoti ona l nee ds a nd se lf-actualization ne eds . It shoul d be note d that pe opl e are not machi nes, not the slave of an obj ect, not to be controlle d. Pe opl e have their own personality, has its ow n pers onal ity, ha s its own dig nity. Pers on in nee d of care, y ou need to understand, need

to meet. It is said t hat in the "agricultural society, people pl ant"; in "industrial society, ma n is an a nimal"; "the information s ociet y, return

的重要,在设计阶段,造价人员的工作重点应放在协助业主按技术经 济分析方法和价值工程原理选择最佳的设计方案上。如地处上海市中 心的 66 层的恒隆广场,结构工程师提供了上部结构的三种结构体系。 造价顾问公司根据上海建筑市场造价行情对上述方案作了造价成本 分析,结果是全钢筋混凝土结构在造价上具有明显优势,造价分别比 全钢结构节约 34%,比钢一钢筋混凝土混合结构节约 28%,同时通 过建筑功能和造价方面的进一步探讨,最终成为业主的首选方案。 深圳市金宝城大厦,建筑面积 6 万平方米,两个 28 层的塔楼,裙楼 五层,两层地下室,工程总造价控制在 1.2 亿元以下,不能不说是 一个投资控制成功的范例。在投资控制中,造价人员召开专家研讨评 议及周密计算,改变了地基处理方式、调整了地下室楼板厚度,优化 给水系统,不仅提高了功能,还节约了几百万元的资金。但是,作为 造价管理人员也并不是一味追求降低造价,而要以价值工程的原理对 项目的功能和成本认真地分析,提高产品价值。如该工程在对上部标 准层的处理上,楼板原设计为 180mm,经反复核算后,承载力有富余, 如果做一些调整,可节约上千方钢筋混凝土,但考虑住宅的发展趋势, 加厚的楼板可使住户根据个人喜好,做多种户型的组合,与业主商议 后 , 没 作 调 整 。 而 这 种 新 <div id="loadingAD"><div class="ad_box"><div class="waiting"><strong> 文 档 加 载 中...</strong>广告还剩<em id="adtime"></em>秒

Now, we are i n a new historical stage of all -round constr uction of a w ell-off societ y.

In perform dutie s, and carried out w ork of pr oce ss in t he, w e to put pe opl e as a g uide principles, a nd a te st stan dard, efforts from mass es most hope do of things do up, from mas ses most care of hot proble m grabbed, from mas ses most not sa tisfaction of place m odifie d up, not make nomi nal of formalism, not do grandsta ndi ng of cosmetic, t o seek ing of style , hel p m asse s s hare, is pe ople benefit. (C) the investee pe ople i s not only an i dea, it i s a job re quirement . Philosophy thr ough to the pe ople -oriented thoug ht in t he work of the Office, must be cl ear work obj ectives . Party Office i n the city thi s year remains: Adva nce d civ il strife, local bra nd. The County (City) Party Committee offices and units directly under the Office to hol d hig h the ban ner of first to excellence, people -orie nted re quire ments, strengt hen t he constructi on a nd ma nagement of the Office t owards the w ork "a hig her level". I nvestee 1 .

political partici pation bas ed on conspiracy t o adhere to people-oriente d, will be around to pr omote coordi nationDevel opme nt events, great se archi ngs. T he 16 sessi on of the party's s cie ntific Outlook on development, i s the ne w Ce ntral coll ective lea dershi p to the devel opme nt of connotation, dev elopme nt esse ntials, furt her dee pe n the es sence of development and innovation, is our party' s ruling i dea a lea p. At prese nt, establi shi ng and impleme nting the scie ntific concept of development ha s be come the party's important work. A s the Office of party Committee, w orking party should servi ce ce nter, i nitiat ive to claim lea ders hip of the decision, the curre nt focus is to focus on promoti ng com prehe nsive, coordinated and s ustaina ble development with m ore suggesti ons, do more resear ch, s ummarized t he typical. One is drafted to raise the lev el of your presentati on. Your pre sentation i s the main Office of "products", is t he ba sic carrier staff service, is im portant to mea sure s ervice leve ls. T he quality

of your pre sentation, mai nly de pends on how m uch we drafted a docume nt recognize d by the leadershi p, how many are l isteni ng to the pe ople i n favour of the report, how many paid dividends in t he pra ctical w ork. Im prove pre sentati on drafting lev el, requirement s we a ccurate gras p le d intent, General le d care of work are t o as understand, Ge neral led consi der of pr oblem are t o in-depth t hinki ng; re quirement s we highlight place features, put s uperi or approa ch poli cy and local a ctual combi ned up, put prese ntation of theme t hrust a nd mas ses of by thought by wants t o combine d up; r equireme nts we s eeks to streamline d clea r, wit h simple of lang uage expres sion de ep of t houg ht, with short of lengt h hosted ri ch of connotation. Second, the survey res ults more . Investigati on of the ba se, the road t o s uccess i s somet hing, is our for the Party Committee's poli cy de cisi on a g ood idea, an important part of a good staff. This yea r, to focus ar ound i ndustrial XING city, and farmers incre ase, a nd a nd

manpow er devel opme nt, and seeki ng, major probl em and foster a dvantage industry, a nd adjustme nt agricult ural structure, a nd carried




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